Bill of lading
1.What is a bill of lading?
*The turkish commercial law no. 6102 has been made by the provision of m.1228. The bill of lading, after the load is received, at the request of the loader; equip, carrying, regulated by the captain or his agent, and the freight contract is the type of valuable documents that are delivered for transportation purposes and delivered to the person who appears to be the rightful owner of the cones in the port of transportation.
2.What are bill of lading types?
*Received For Shipment Bill of Lading: A concierment issued when it is delivered to the loader or representative, but before the actual installation.
*Loading Bill of Lading: TTK. Under the provision m.1228/2, the name of the ship on which the loads were placed and the day and time of the loading were completed, the contingment of the tesellum becomes the loading contingment.
*Carrying/Equipping Bill of Lading: A concierment that the equipment or its representative has authorized without the permission of the bearer. Tcc. In the provision of m.1238, if the name of the bearer is not shown in this conesment, the equipment is considered to be the bearer and the bearer is obliged to bear the debts arising from the conesment.
*Clean Bill of Lading: When arranging a conciergation, concierments that do not contain any sharh about the information about the load are clean cones.
3.Contents of the bill of lading
Tcc. m.1229; registrations to be placed in the cones.
*Records related to the Type of Load: According to the declarations of the loader is written to the cones. If the load is delivered unpacked; if the bearer or captain sees that the load does not match the declaration reported by the loader, he writes the genus according to his own determination, specifically specifies what it is. For example, citrus can write the statement ‘orange’ and ‘mandarin’. If the load is packaged; ‘content is not clear’.
*Records on Load-Weight-Volume: Records about how many parts the load is, its scale, its dimensions, provide cantatatif information about the load. Tcc. m.1239; If it is known that the declarations of the loader are not correct, the bearer should put sharh in the conesment on the grounds. If the accuracy of the declarations is not possible to control, the bearer should give sherry in the form of ‘the number is not clear’, ‘weight is not clear’. If the statements are suspected to be correct, ‘number, scale is not clear’ or ‘not clear in it’ may give sherry. The bearer is obliged to prove that he is based on justification in cases where he has given evil. The given sherry eliminates the carine property of the cones.
*Records related to Leading Marks: In order to distinguish the load from the others, certain markings must be put on top of it or, if packaged, on top of the containers. These markings are written to the cones. If these markings are not printed on loads/packaging, or if they are not installed/pasted to remain legible until the end of the journey, they may give you sherry indicating doubts about the status of the bearing marks.
*External Status of The Load: TTK. m.1229/1; the state and condition of the load should be written to the cones. If information about the exterior of the load is not provided, it is considered to be the karine from which it was delivered in ‘externally good state’.
*Value of Load: It is not mandatory to show the value of the load on the cones. In cases where the value of the load is written on the cones, in accordance with TTK.m.1186/1, the provision limiting the responsibility of the bearer shall not apply and shall be responsible for any damage and loss, with the value written on the bearing cones. However, the bearer has the right to prove that the value written on the cones is exorbitant and to be rid of responsibility.